On affordable housing and the need for a plan and some dollars

Kitchener-Waterloo’s evolution as a centre for high-tech, post-secondary education and advanced manufacturing makes it easy to forget about the issues that still face the region. Amongst the most important, and of increasing prominence given rising house prices and the gentrification of the urban core, is the topic of affordable housing.

Despite the addition of over 2,000 new affordable and supportive housing units that have been brought online since 2000, including recently announced projects to add 15-19 unites by the local Working Centre, demand still far out strips supply with over 3,500 families across the region still waiting according to Deb Schlicter, the Waterloo Region’s Director of Housing.

The issue is far from a simple one given the number of stakeholders involved, and a recent forum hosted at the Region of Waterloo Museum by Liberal Party Member of Parliament Adam Vaughan (Trinity-Spadina) aimed at opening up a dialogue on the issue here in Kitchener-Waterloo. Vaughan, previously a city councillor in Toronto, has been witness to the extreme end of the issue with over 90,000 households in Toronto on waitlists for affordable and supportive housing. He says that this represents “centuries” of waiting, a sure sign that our current system isn’t working.

Locally, the demand for affordable and supportive housing has been growing and will continue to do so as an aging population, unstable job market and continued pressure on middle-income wages leave many on a precarious financial footing.

Meeting this growing demand faces several challenge. Speaking at the forum Waterloo Mayor Dave Jaworsky noted that in Waterloo, land price increases have been driven primarily by intensification in the core and have crowded out non-profit oriented development out. The same is happening in Kitchener. Kitchener Mayor Berry Vrbanovic adds that the need for housing must be complemented by strategies and dollars for mental health support and community building. Vrbanovic adds that such investments are proven to be effective and provide a positive return on investment. Regional Councillor Karen Redman notes that mitigating these market-driven trends will require a collaborative effort between all levels of government and both private and non-profit partners.

However doing so will ultimately require an infusion of dollars. As it stands just 8 cents of every tax dollar we pay goes to municipalities, this despite the fact that over 60% of the infrastructure we depend on is serviced locally. And as Vaughan noted, “you can’t build supportive housing with tax cuts.”

Rather what’s needed is a vision and a strategy for ensuring safe, stable and affordable housing for all members of our community. Developing a national housing strategy that provides cities with the dollars, and flexibility, to build local solutions will be key. As it stands, Canada is the only G8 country without a national housing strategy.

And so while there’s no doubt that #kwawesome is real, despite the great advances our region has made there’s still lots of work to do.

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Prisons vs. Poverty – getting to the root of the problem.

Canadians will soon be spending more than ever to catch, convict and incarcerate criminals across the country. Figures released by the Federal Government show that the budget for Corrections Canada will rise to over $3-billion annually by 2013.  This represents an increase of over 27 per cent from 2010-11 figures which is largely tied to new infrastructure development and the addition of over 4,000 new correctional positions across the country.

Such increases are necessary, the Government notes, due to the growingnumber of criminals staying longer behind bars thanks to the current government’s tough-on-crime approach – this despite a decline in overall crime.

On an average day last year, Corrections Canada was responsible for 13,287 federally incarcerated offenders and 8,726 offenders in the community – which at a cost of over $95,000 per year per inmate certainly adds up.

In theory, the Conservative strategy would have mandatory sentences, longer period of incarceration and a focus on young offenders deter criminals from re-offending or even risking crime in the first place. It’s a strategy that is popular at the polls, and one that speaks to our innate desires to see crime met with punishment.

But is this actually an effective means of reducing crime and the propensity to recommit crimes? Read the rest of this entry »